Biodigesters to improve milk production in Bolivia

Biodigesters, cows and biogas

Biodigesters provide a source of renewable energy and organic fertilizer that will be used in Bolivia to increase the production and quality of milk. With financial support from Hivos and the technical support of SNV, this project will benefit more than 900 dairy farmers who provide milk for ANDIL (Asociación Nacional de Industrias Lácteas), the Bolivian association of milk producers.

Biodigesters contribute to increasing food security and climate smart agriculture. This technology converts dung into biogas that can be used for cooking and lighting. The slurry left over from this process is an excellent organic fertilizer that will be used in Bolivia to increase the existing pasture yield and improve grass to feed cows, thus boosting the productivity and quality of Bolivian milk production.

Biodigesters to improve milk production in Bolivia

Planned to last until 2016, the project will enhance the dairy farming practices of more than 900 small producers and provide 450 of them with a domestic biodigester.

The proyect will also strengthen mechanisms for access to credits for better infrastructure and help create a more effective relationship between the small producers and ANDIL.

Hivos has biogas programs running in Africa (African Biogas Partnership Programme), Asia (Indonesia Domestic Biogas Programme and National Biogas Programme in Cambodia) and Latin America (Biogas Programme Nicaragua). In all these countries we partner with the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation for their technical assistance. We also work closely with the Dutch Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation, national governments and with rural development NGOs to carry out these multi-stakeholder programs.

Source: Ecology and Farming

CDM Policy

This component includes two elements: “Analysis of the Impact of CDM on Sustainable Development” and “Improvement of CDM policies”. These two elements will be integrated in order to provide a holistic and comprehensive report and recommendations for national CDM policy-making.

The first element, “Assessment of the Impact of CDM on China’s Sustainable Development” will comprise of research into the impacts of CDM from a social, environmental, and technical aspect. It will also take into account external impacts on CDM in China such as carbon market developments.

The second element “Improvement of CDM policies” will focus on the research and analysis of particular topics which may be open to policy improvements. These are initially identified by stakeholders but may also include topics which may emerge through the project lifecycle; it will work in parallel with the first element but also draw from the results of the research in order to produce a comprehensive and holistic report to provide recommendations for China’s national CDM policy development.

A sample of the questions that will be covered:

  • What are some examples of current CDM projects and their types?
  • What are the environmental impacts of current CDM projects?
  • What are the social impacts of current CDM projects?
  • How do CDM projects contribute to local development?
  • What is the current status of CDM management regulations?
  • What are the issues of enterprise eligibility to develop CDM projects?
  • How can the management of the CDM market be strengthened?
  • To what extent are the Chinese priorities for CDM aligned with the CDM priorities evolving at the international level?

In addition, clearly defined activities will be designed to increase China’s DNA capacity in managing the CDM process and also to establish linkages with needs and developments identified during the implementation of the above study. Topics will aim to further strengthen the capacity of the National CDM Project Management Centre as well as provide short term placements and a study visit for DNA staff in corresponding institutions in Europe.

AE Workshops

Tuesday 28th – Thursday 30th August 2007, Prcee, Beijing

Two workshops targeting the Applicant Entity (AE) stakeholder group were implemented on the 28th and 29th of August, 2007 as part of the EU-China CDM Facilitation Project. The 1-day workshops were hosted by the PRCEE, SEPA with technical implementation provided by Professor Gunther Schock of TUV Rheinland, on the general subject of UN accreditation and application procedures for Designated Operational Entity (DOE) status. The first day, targeting identified potential AEs, an overview of the CDM and DOE market with a cost-benefits analysis as well as an introduction to the application procedures and forms. The second day, targeted at local AEs undergoing the accreditation process, provided a thorough overview of the UN accreditation process for DOE status with particular emphasis on on-site assessment and witness activity processes. All participants received one-on-one training through bilateral sessions held throughout the course of the week.

DOE’s, as independent authorities, play an important role in the CDM project cycle. They provide services in the validation of project design documents and the regular verification of the CERs each CDM project produces.

This training is part of a series of workshop and training activities targeting Chinese AE stakeholders during the 3 year course of the project. For more information on the workshops please see the standards and certification stakeholder section.


Project Public Launch Event

Thursday 28th June 2007, Asia Hotel, Beijing

DEVELOPMENT Solutions, in consortium with the Swedish Environmental Research Institute, IVL; TÜV Rheinland, Germany; and the Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy of SEPA (PRCEE), will officially launch the EU-China CDM Facilitation Project on Thursday 28th June at the Asia Hotel.

The 2.8 million Euro funded project, which will run until January 2010, provides direct support to the progressive development of China’s CDM through its research, capacity development, technical exchange and training activities. Technical cooperation will be established for Chinese government agencies, standards and certification companies and wider stakeholder groups allowing for a comprehensive and wide reaching dissemination of knowledge of CDM issues.

The event will be addressed by high level representatives from both the EU and the Chinese government including Mr. Nicholas Costello, First Counsellor, EU Delegation; Mr. Gao Guangsheng, Director General, Office of the National Coordination Committee on Climate Change, NDRC; Mr. Yue Ruisheng, Deputy Director General, Department of International Cooperation, SEPA.


The Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) is a leading independent authority within the field of sustainable development and environment. Founded in 1966 and owned by a joint foundation of the Swedish industry and the Swedish Government, it boasts over 165 scientists from different disciplines such as climate change, water, air pollution, waste, sustainable industrial production, chemicals, and capacity building. The department of climate change performs analyses and provides advisory services for national governments, the European Commission, development banks and companies. IVL has extensive experience in conducting research on climate policy, evaluating the EU ETS, adaptation, and the effects of climate policy on the energy system and industry. As part of IVL’s Climate Policy research, the research institute is undertaking a series of surveys within the EU targeted at different actors along the project supply chain (brokers, exchanges, project sponsors, project investors etc.) – the goal is to better understand what actions/options are required in order to increase CDM volume and increase the effectiveness of CDM.

The Policy Research Centre for the Environment and Economy (PRCEE) is an official consultative body for macro decision-making on environmental protection. According to the requirements of SEPA and the strategic arrangements of environmental protection in China, the PRCEE provides decision-making consultations and relevant information services for SEPA and for the State Council. The PRCEE’s climate change tasks include tracking and analysis of climate changes and dynamics; research on air quality matters that affect climate change; strategic research on GHG emission control; the preferential field study of China’s environmental protection towards the new century; analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of China’s involvement in CDM projects as well as policy proposals; studies of capacity building requirements related to the “Kyoto Protocol” in developing countries; and strategic framework research on China’s adaptation to climate changes. The PRCEE now shares a wide and intensive cooperation network with domestic related ministries and local environmental protection agencies as well as with countries, international and regional organizations such as Japan, Germany, Canada, U.S.A, World Bank, APEC, UNEP and the EU.

TUEV Rheinland is an international services company which documents the safety and quality of new and existing products, systems and services. The German based group has more than 130 years of experience, over 8,700 employees, and with over 100 subsidiaries, is present in 50 countries around the world including nine offices in China. As one of the first Designated Operational Entities accredited by the UN CDM Executive Board (there are only 18 DOEs altogether) operating worldwide, they have been active in the validation and verification of CDM projects and the development of new methodologies since 2004. They are also one of the main consultants for the EU in the implementation of the European Emissions Trading Scheme.

Development Solutions China (DS) is a local consultancy working across a range of fields under the broad theme of sustainable development. DS specialises in the implementation and management of quality projects and in providing technical assistance training for governments and the private sector across the Asian region. DS is experienced in designing and implementing education and training campaigns, including the research of target groups, and targeted education of stakeholders on substantive issues from policy development to codes of conduct for compliance strategies. In the area of energy and environment, DS works with different environmental specialist partners in a range of environmental disciplines relating to water resource management, energy efficiency, carbon capture storage and most notably CDM.

Work Plan

The EU-China CDM Facilitation Project is divided into 3 components targeted at different stakeholder groups: Governmental level, Applicant Entities (AEs) and Wider stakeholders such as project developers, international investors, local officials. The following highlights the activities of each component and a link to the timeframe of their implementation. A detailed description of each component is presented below.

Governmental Level Stakeholder Group

  • CDM Impact Assessment
  • National CDM Policies Consulting
  • DNA Support and Capacity Development

AEs Stakeholder Group

  • AE Needs Assessment
  • AE Capacity Development and Training: 3 training workshops on accreditation, validation, verification and long-term placements
  • AE Dissemination and Awareness Raising

Wider Stakeholder Group

  • Wider Stakeholder Needs Assessment
  • Wider Stakeholder Capacity Development
  • Wider Stakeholder Training and Dissemination: 10 regional training workshops
  • EU-China CDM Business Facilitation
  • 2 High level Conferences in Beijing and Chengdu